Multifaceted Automated Analyses for Variability-Intensive Embedded Systems
Sami Lazreg, Maxime Cordy, Philippe Collet, Patrick Heymans, Sébastien Mosser. Multifaceted Automated Analyses for Variability-Intensive Embedded Systems. The International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE) (ACM/IEEE). Montréal, QC, Canada: 25 May - 31 May 2019!.
Embedded systems, as the ones found in the automotive domain, must comply with stringent functional and non-functional requirements. To fulfil these requirements, engineers are confronted with a plethora of design alternatives both at the software and hardware level, out of which they must select the optimal solution wrt. possibly-antagonistic quality attributes (e.g. cost of manufacturing vs. speed of execution). We propose a formal model-driven framework to assist engineers in this choice. It captures high-level specifications of the system alternatives in the form of dataflows with variability and configurable hardware platforms. A mapping algorithm then derives the design space, i.e. the set of compatible pairs of application and platform variants, and a variability-aware executable model, which encodes the functional and non-functional behaviour of all viable system variants. Novel verification algorithms then pinpoint the optimal system variants efficiently. The benefits of our approach are evaluated through an industrial case study.