My research has been devoted to the design of novel signal estimation techniques alleviating the drawbacks and thus improving the performance of the blind approach. Special emphasis has been laid on two specific applications in telecommunications and biomedical engineering: equalization and source separation in digital communication channels and atrial activity extraction in surface electrocardiogram recordings of atrial fibrillation patients. Most of the proposed techniques can be considered as semi-blind in that they aim at exploiting available prior information about the problems under study other than source independence; e.g., the existence of training data in communication systems or specific properties about the atrial source in atrial fibrillation. In communications, the approaches that I have explored include algebraic solutions to contrast functions based on digital modulations, the combination of blind and training-based contrasts into semi-blind criteria, and an iterative optimization technique with an optimal step-size coefficient computed algebraically. Our efforts to extract the atrial signal in multi-lead atrial fibrillation recordings has led not only to new contrast functions based on second- and higher-order statistics incorporating priors about the source statistics, but also to novel results of clinical and physiological significance about this challenging cardiac condition. The report concludes by proposing some possible avenues for the continuation of this work.
This investigation has been carried out in collaboration with a number of colleagues in France and abroad, and has also comprised the joint supervision of several PhD students. The resulting contributions have given rise to over sixty publications in international journals, conferences and book chapters. A compilation of selected publications is attached to this document.
Keywords: alphabet-based criteria, array signal processing, atrial fibrillation analysis, blind techniques, channel equalization, constant modulus, contrast functions, deconvolution, digital modulations, higher-order statistics, independent component analysis, inverse problems, iterative optimization, kurtosis, principal component analysis, prior information, second-order statistics, semi-blind techniques, source separation, space-time filtering, statistical signal processing, step-size optimization, tensor algebra.